The Phoenicians invaded Corsica and to create Alelia (future Aléria). The island was then occupied by people already essentially Iberian or Celtic origin who traded with the Phoenicians. By occupying the island of Corsica the Phoenicians contribute to their association with Greece. Although they remain on the periphery of the island and rarely venture into the land, they bring the art to Corsica and the Greek culture. They are at the origin of the introduction of vines and olive trees.
See also: Folder history of Corsica - Phocaea - Ancient History
Attempt Etrusco-Carthaginian invasion in Corsica
Strategic point to control navigation on the Mediterranean, Corsica since antiquity raises the envy of neighboring civilizations. Thus, a few years after installing the Phoenicians, Etruscans and Catharginois trying to set foot on the island. While early attempts ended in failure will, in fact it is only a postponement. Indeed, less than a century later, Carthage lay hands on Corsica.
See also: Folder history of Corsica - History of Carthage - Phocaea - Ancient History
Rome invaded Corsica
In the struggle that pitted him against Carthage during the Punic Wars, Rome has not forgotten it invaded Corsica in 259 BC However, they have no difficulty in capturing the island, the Romans faced a hostile local population and strong. It took a century and not less than ten expeditions to the mighty Roman Republic to bring peace to Corsica.
See also: Folder history of Corsica - History of Carthage - Feature story of the Punic Wars - History of Ancient Rome
The Romans seized Lutetia
Held since the third century BC by Celts, Lutece fell to the Romans led by Lieutenant Labenius. The walled city was then destroyed by its inhabitants who refuse to yield to the invader. This action will in fact the Romans to do their own architecture spread rapidly. The name of Paris will be inspired by the Gallic name of the people: in fact the Romans called the city "Civitas Parisorium," the city of Parisii.
See also: History of Paris - Caesar - History of Ancient Rome
Lt. Lucius Caesar founded a colony Munatius Plancus on the hill of Lugdunum he called "Lugdunum Colonia copia. It is intended to house the Roman citizens driven from Vienna by the Savoyards. The city became the administrative capital and religious of the three Gauls (Lyonnaise, Aquitaine, Belgian) and receive each year in August the leaders of the 60 tribes of Gaul.
See also: Foundation - Lyon History - Ancient History
Persecution of Christians in Lyon
Under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, the Christians in Lugdunum, the future city of Lyon, were fiercely persecuted. Manhandled by the crowd, then they are arrested in large numbers. Among them are the old and the young bishop Pothin slave Blandina. All they are tortured to recant. A dozen of them give up quickly while most profess their faith with determination. After many tortures, the courage of the frail Blanche astonishes his executioners and witnesses of the scene. The martyrs of Lyons had a profound history of the city.
See also: Folder history of the birth of Christianity - History of Lyon - Marcus Aurelius - History of Christianity
Septimius Severus, emperor of Rome
Lyon, the capital of Gaul, was the scene of a bloody battle between two Roman armies. Septimius Severus, the head of the army of the Danube, facing the governor of Britain, Clodius Albinus. They both want to become masters of the vast Roman Empire. Septimius Severus prevailed. To punish the city for having sided with his opponent, he destroys and kills 18,000 Christians. Born in Leptis Magna in Africa, Septimius Severus finds himself at the head of the Roman Empire.
See also: Sacre - Lyon History - Septimius Severus - History of Ancient Rome
St. Denis was beheaded at Montmartre
The first bishop of Paris, Saint Denis, was beheaded after being spotted by a Roman governor. Described by St. Gregory of Tours as one of the actors of the evangelization of Gaul, St. Denis is also known for the legend that claims that religion has recovered after being beheaded in Montmartre. While walking for six miles with his head in his arms, he would have given it to a believer before he collapsed. It is in these places as the Basilica of St Denis was built to honor the bishop. Another tradition is that a Roman woman named Catulla did bury his body to be thrown into the Seine. The date of his death is questionable.
See also: History of Paris - Montmartre History - History of Saint-Denis - History of Saint Denis - Saint Gregory - History of Christianity
Bands of Vandals, Alans and Swabians to cross the frozen Rhine near Mainz. The barbarians are proceeding to the southwest and ravaged Gaul without encountering significant resistance. The Roman Empire age is incapable of reacting. Soon they will occupy Spain and northern Africa. In their wake other groups of barbarians invade Western Europe: the Alemanni, Burgundians and Franks. Europe is becoming a patchwork of barbarian kingdoms.
See also: History of the Vandals - History of Ancient Rome
Defeated Attila in Gaul
Attila's Huns are defeated at Chalons fields near Troyes by a Romano-barbarian army. This is the first military defeat of Attila, surnamed "the Scourge of God". The Hun empire stretching from Hungary to Ukraine and Poland to Serbia. Dressed in skins of martens, cheeks slashed to prevent the beard grow, his warriors spread terror across Europe. The defeat in Gaul, not cut down the power of Attila's death in 453, which will cause the disintegration of his empire.
See also: Attila - History of the Huns - History of Antiquity
Sainte Genevieve protect Paris from Attila
Attila then threatens the town, Sainte Genevieve urges Parisians do not leave the city and to resist the Huns. These, aided by the fortifications of the city, resist and make the religious patroness of the city. His prayers have contributed to pushing the Huns. St. Genevieve is also responsible for the erection of the first abbey church of Saint-Denis on the supposed location of the tomb of the first bishop of Paris.
See also: History of Paris - Attila - History of the Huns - History of Saint-Denis - History of Sainte-Genevieve - Great historical periods
Revenge of Clovis at Soissons
So he spends his salute the king of the Franks acknowledged that a soldier a year ago had defied hitting a chop vase liturgical money he wanted to give the bishop of Reims. The fighter had cried against the king: "Thou shalt have nothing here that will deflect the spell really." Clovis did not forget this insult. He accuses the man held his neglected and throws his arms down. The Warrior looks to pick them up and Clovis him the opportunity to deal a blow of his own ax to the head. "So did you, at Soissons, with the vase" he said. The corpse lying on the ground will remain on public display as proof of the all-powerful army chief.
See also: Clovis - History of Soissons - History of the Merovingians
Baptism of Clovis
The king of the Salian Franks was baptized at Reims by Bishop Remi in 32 years. The conversion of Clovis to Christianity is due to the insistence of his wife Clothilde, Catholic Burgundian princess. Clovis became the first and only Catholic ruler of the West, the kings Visigoths, Burgundians, Ostrogoths and Vandals were Arians them. He chose Paris as its capital.
See also: History of Reims - Clovis - History of the Merovingians
Death of Clovis
The king of the Franks died in Paris at the age of approximately 46 years. Shortly before his death he had divided his empire among his four son. Reims back to the most powerful of them, I Thierry. Clodomir Orleans, Paris and finally to Childebert I Clotaire I Soissons. Clovis will be buried in the Basilica of St. Apostles in Paris. For two and a half centuries, the Merovingian dynasty reign over the ruins of the kingdom of Clovis before giving way to the Carolingians.
See also: History of Paris - Death - History of Reims - Clovis - History of the Merovingians
The Byzantines hunt barbaric Corsicans
Undergoing the disintegration of the Roman Empire, Corsica is occupied by the Vandals hit before Justinian in 533 decides to regain control. But the Byzantine tax collectors, corrupt and violent, do little to improve the fate of the island. Finally, what are the interventions of the Pope who will commit to Corsica on a path of improvement.
See also: Folder history of Corsica - Byzantine Empire - Justinian - History of the Middle Ages
Gontran, King of Burgundy joins his nephew Childebert II, king of Austrasia in the pact Andelot. Childebert thus recovered Burgundy and Orleans. Saint Gregory of Tours has participated in the development of this Treaty.
See also: Treaty - History of Burgundy - History - St. Gregory - History of the Merovingians
Death of Dagobert I
The Frankish king Dagobert I was buried in the basilica of Saint-Denis he did enlarge in preparation for his funeral. His reign, along 10 years, was marked by the unification of the Frankish kingdom which he gave Paris its capital. The Austrasia, Neustria, Burgundy and Aquitaine were collected in 632. Following his death, this unit will be broken: the illegitimate son of Dagobert, Siegbert III becomes king of Austrasia, and his legitimate son, Clovis II, ascend the throne of Neustria and Burgundy.
See also: History of Paris - Death - History of the Merovingians
Death of Pepin the Younger
Pepin of Herstal Pippin the Younger, ruler of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria and Austrasia, dies in appointing the sole successor to his illegitimate son of 26 years, Charles Martel. Plectrude his wife does not hear well and gives his little son Theudoald sovereignty over the two palaces. Charles Martel will struggle against the ambitions of Plectrude and uprisings of the nobility before Neustrian reign supreme over the Frankish kingdom.
See also: Death - Sacre - Charles Martel - History of the Merovingians
Charles Martel stopped the Arabs at Poitiers
The Duke of the Franks, Charles Martel, rescued by Eudes, Duke of Aquitaine, by stopping the advance of the Saracens in France. Leaving Pamplona during the summer, the Arabs brought by Abd al-Rahman raided the Basque territory and devastated Bordeaux in a few months. After gathering an army in a hurry, Charles Martel joined the Muslim troops near a Roman road between Poitiers and Chatellerault puts an end to their dramatic breakthrough. Their leader was killed during the battle.
See also: Battle - Feature story of the great battles - Charles Martel - History of Poitiers - History of the Middle Ages
Death of Charles Martel
The mayor of the palace of Austrasia and Neustria was buried in Saint Denis Basilica, among kings. Yet Charles Martel was never king of the Franks. He managed to win against the Merovingian monarchy in decline since the late seventh century. With several military victories, he could consolidate his power over the kingdom, taking advantage of the weakness of King Thierry IV, he moved gradually instead. At his death he sold the Frankish kingdom to his two son, Carloman and Pepin the Short.
Opening the trial of Pierre Laval
The former vice-president of the Vichy government must account to the high court to explain his role in the collaboration and its alliance with the Nazi regime. The trial takes place in a hurry and Laval shall suffer the insults of the jurors. He was sentenced to death on Oct. 9 and run 15 to Fresnes prison after attempting suicide.
See also: Minutes - Laval - History of the Second World War
Creation of social security
The interim government signed an order creating the Social Security mandatory for all employees. On May 22, 1946, a law establishing the principle of generalization of social security to all the French self-employed persons. France is thus fills the delay in social protection against other industrialized countries, England, Germany and the United States. .
See also: History of the Social
The National School of Administration was founded in Paris. It aims to train senior officers intended to constitute the senior administration. In 1992 the school was relocated to Strasbourg.
See also: History of Paris - File history teaching - History Institutions
Creation of the Atomic Energy Commission
Under the leadership of Charles de Gaulle and Frederic Joliot-Curie, France created the Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). The goal is to continue nuclear research to plan its future applications. Juliot Curie will be headed to the call from Stockholm. The CEA's primary mission is to develop nuclear energy and reprocessing methods, as well as participate in programs of National Defence. It is now part of Areva.
See also: File nuclear history - De Gaulle - Joliot-Curie - History of the Stockholm Appeal - CEA - History of Physics
Women vote for the first time in France
Women participated heavily to elect a new constituent assembly. The order of October 5, 1944, had granted them the right to vote. They put it into practice for the first time in the history of France. Universal suffrage comes into its own.
See also: Folder history of feminism - History of Women's Rights - History of Voting Rights - Women's History
Sartre defends existentialism humanism
Sartre defends existentialism club now face criticism by Marxists and Christians. Popularizing his thought, Sartre attempts to describe the man as having no petrol and constituting its choice. He summarized this thought in the famous phrase: "existence precedes essence." Man exists but does give an essence that by his actions. It is therefore responsible for them and enjoy great freedom.
See also: Sartre - History of Philosophy
The National Board has the 4 CV
Nationalized in January, the company Renault has not drawn a line on its projects. Instead, the company presents its national popular car: the 4CV. With an engine at the rear on a model similar to the Beetle, it was marketed in 1949 and was the first car to be produced at a rate of 300 per day and over one million models sold.
See also: History of Renault - Cars - 4CV - History of the Automobile
De Gaulle head of government
General de Gaulle was unanimously elected by the Constituent Assembly new head of the provisional government. It will train alongside his team Communist ministers. But early in the year 1946, disagree with them, he would resign.
See also: De Gaulle - Government - History of Elections
Creation of UNESCO
Unesco is to say, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, is created. The mission of this branch of the UN is to promote world peace through the promotion of education, sciences, social and human sciences, culture, communication and information. His first assignment will be done in almost a year later. Its headquarters will be established in Paris.
See also: History of Paris - Record history of the UN - UNESCO History - History of Diplomacy
First issue of "Elle"
Helen Gordon-Lazareff launches new women's magazine: "She". The journalist had previously worked in the U.S. for "Marie Claire". The weekly edition is 24 pages long. Helen Gordon-Lazareff will be the first to introduce color photo in a French magazine.
See also: Magazine - Women - It - History of the Press
De Gaulle resigns
After 18 months at the head of the provisional government, General de Gaulle abruptly announced his resignation. The reason: a disagreement with the Communist Party about the development of the new constitution. He said during the Council of Ministers that convened to announce his decision: "The regime of exclusive parties reappeared. I disapprove." The next day he will send his resignation to Felix Gouin, Chairman of the National Assembly. His absence from the political scene will last 12 years.
See also: De Gaulle - Resignation - History of the Fourth Republic
First issue of L'Equipe
The sports daily L'Equipe succeeds "L'Auto-Vélo" created in 1900 by Henri Desgranges and banned after the Liberation. Jacques Goddet, director of publishing, has used its relationship with resistance to rehabilitate the newspaper in another form. L'Equipe is first published three times a week. From 1948 he will become daily. It will be repurchased by the Amaury Group in 1968.
See also: Newspaper - team history - History of the Press
The France recognizes Vietnam
The French envoy Jean Sainteny in Indochina and the chairman of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, Hanoi to sign an agreement. It states that "The French government recognizes the Republic of Vietnam as an autonomous state with its own government, parliament, army and finances." In return, Vietnam agreed to remain bound to France on behalf of the French Union, sealed in 1887. These agreements will not prevent the outbreak of war in November.
See also: Ho Chi Minh - History of Decolonization
The French landed at Haiphong
General Leclerc's troops arrive in Tonkin (Vietnam), occupied by Chinese troops since the Japanese defeat. Upon arrival, the French ships wipe gunfire Chinese. The cease-fire was declared after several hours of fighting. Resigned, Vietnamese President Ho Chi Minh said: "Better to smell a bit, the mud of the French that the Chinese eat all our lives."
See also: Landing - Ho Chi Minh - Hai Phong History - History of Decolonization
Four new departments in France
Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique and Réunion become French departments. The islands take the title of DOM, department overseas.
See also: Folder history of the French colonial empire - Reunion - History of Martinique - History of Guadeloupe - History of Guyana - History of the Fourth Republic
Paul Claudel was elected to the French Academy
At 83, Paul Claudel can now take the seat number 13 at the French Academy. He takes his revenge, eleven years after failing Claude Farrere cons. Great poet and playwright, he really devoted his career with his play "Le Soulier de Satin", staged in an abridged version in 1943. Narrating an impossible love in Spain of the Renaissance, the work quickly gained successful.
See also: History of the French Academy - Paul Claudel - History of Theatre
Nationalization of EDF-GDF
The National Assembly passes the law nationalizing the energy sector. Goods manufacturing companies, transportation and distribution of electricity is transferred to the company Electricite de France, which became a public institution of state. On the same model, the gas industry was nationalized with the creation of Gaz de France (GDF).
See also: History of EDF - Nationalization - Company History
Closure of brothels
Marthe Richard Law, the name of the Councillor of Paris which has developed, is passed by the provisional government. It calls for the closure of brothels in France. Approximately 20,000 women are affected by this law and nearly a thousand brothels are closing.
See also: Closed - History of Manners
Marcel Bernard won the tournament at Roland Garros
Marcel Bernard of France won the International, after fourteen years of absence of the French on the top step of the podium. He beats the Czech Jaroslav Drobny in five sets 3/6-2/6-6/1-6/4-6/3.
See also: Victory - History of the Tournament of Roland Garros - Tennis History
Louis Reard creates bikini. The word, introduced, recalled the first American nuclear tests on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific. Model does not bring these three small triangles that replace large panties and bras in band. He was immediately banned in Belgium, Spain and Italy. For Mrs. Thorez, wife of Secretary General of the Communist Party, the bourgeois mode humiliates the working class because the price of the bikini is the third of the salary of a typist. The bikini that really prevail in the 70s.
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